Differentially Private Language Models Benefit from Public Pre-training
Gavin Kerrigan*, Dylan Slack*, and Jens Tuyls*
EMNLP PrivateNLP Workshop, 2020
Language modeling is a keystone task in natural language processing. When training a language model on sensitive information, differ- ential privacy (DP) allows us to quantify the degree to which our private data is protected. However, training algorithms which enforce differential privacy often lead to degradation in model quality. We study the feasibility of learning a language model which is simultaneously high-quality and privacy preserving by tuning a public base model on a private corpus. We find that DP fine-tuning boosts the performance of language models in the private domain, making the training of such models possible.
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